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What are the Main Laws Governing Privacy and Data Protection in Israel?

The right to privacy is a protected fundamental right under Article 7 of the Basic Law: Human Dignity and Liberty 5752 – 1992. The Protection of Privacy Law, 5741-1981 forms a comprehensive piece of legislation dedicated to regulating privacy and data protection issues, in the public and the private sectors. Regulations promulgated under the Protection of Privacy Law address specific areas of compliance, e.g., data security, trans-border data flow, and procedures for exercising the right of access. Additional laws govern specific types of data processing, e.g., credit reports, patients’ records, unsolicited communications, genetic data, and biometric IDs.